Edgar Degas Biography
1856 goes Degas as part of his "Grand Tour" for compulsory education trip to Italy. He draws hundreds of studies by paintings of the Italian masters of the 14th and 16th century. After a short stay with his family in Naples travels the 23-year-old Parisian to Rome. Two years later, Degas to his relatives, the Bellelli family goes to Florence.
1859 returns Degas returned to Paris. He moves into a studio in the Rue Laval, near the Boulevard de Clichy. His 1958 painting of the Florence begun Bellelli family will continue to painted - until 1867 is the 200 x 250 cm oil paintings are finished. The painting reflects his interest in portraits.
Degas tries from 1860 in the history of painting, depicting five paintings completed by 1865. The themes of these paintings are biblical, historical and mythological origin. One of the works, the painting "Medieval Battle Scene" is also issued in the famous Paris Salon. However, it is not considered.
At the same time he discovered the theme of horses and jockeys, it processes in works of art throughout his life. Henceforth, Degas devoted to the Paris nightlife and holds social scenes. From 1866 to 1870 represents Edgar Degas regularly in Parisian art salon. His topics include women in different circumstances, ballet dancers, jockeys and their horses, the Parisian nightlife and prostitutes.
The economic situation of the Degas family changes dramatically in the 1870s after his father with his bank goes bankrupt and his brother has high business debt. Through the support of the art dealer Paul Durand-Ruel it was Degas possible at least to settle the debt of his brother René.
1874 Degas starts with some fellow artists - also in collaboration with Camille Pissarro - which later became famous expectant "Impressionist exhibition" as a counterpart to Art monopoly of the Paris Salon. A total of eight exhibitions are realized by the year 1886. The harmonious sense of reality of his colleagues sat Degas its exciting environmental studies from the Parisian life counter.
Degas withdraws from 1890 onwards more and more from the public. There are only rare to see exhibitions.He has now turned away from impressionism and his artistic works are more experimental and more variable. During the 1890s, Degas is primarily devoted to photography. His photographic works will be exhibited for the first time in 1895.
The private Edgar Degas
Degas was an anti-Semite and gave his views be known publicly, which cost him many friends. He also refused to work with models who looked Jewish in his eyes. His anti-Semitic attitude is, inter alia, in the painting "Portraits at the Stock Exchange" or "At the Bourse" to light. The anti-Semitic attitude can also be misinterpreted because there may be resentment caused by the bankruptcy of his father. Degas was very conservative and held as the invention of the telephone superfluous. Paradox is that he himself Photography enthusiastic about the then modern medium.
The art theft of Degas "Ludovic Lepic and his Daughters"
The other two men go into the large exhibition hall where ten masterpieces of Impressionism hang. Take the first four of the ten paintings from the wall and apparently remarkable that each painting with secure glass weighs at least ten pounds. Apparently the two thieves are only able to carry two paintings because they only steal four of the ten major paintings of impressionism. Together with the third accomplice art thieves disappear just as quickly as they came.
The four stolen works are: "Ludovic Lepic and his Daughters" (1871) by Edgar Degas, Paul Cézanne's "The Boy in the Red Vest" (1888), "Blossoming Chestnut Branches" (1890) by Vincent van Gogh and "Poppies near Vetheuil "(1879) by Claude Monet. The total value of the theft is approximately 130 million euro. The robbery is as "probably referred largest art theft in Europe".
What the perpetrators - and apparently the leaders of Buehrle Collection - did not know was: Van Gogh's stolen painting "Blossoming Chestnut" is supposed to be a fake.
The paintings of Monet and van Gogh are already found eight days later in a car with stolen license plate in the parking lot of the Psychiatric Burghölzli. From Cezanne's "Boy in the Red Vest" (worth about 66 million euros) and Degas' Count Lepic and his Daughter " (value: approximately 9 million euros) but is still lacking any trace.
In April 2012, just four years later, 30 investigators come from six different countries an art thief band on the track that leads to Serbia. Shortly afterwards there is contact to the alleged owners of the stolen paintings still: Approximately 1.4 million euros cash to pay the informant the Cid, so that a meeting can be realized. On 11 April 2012, the investigators propose to Belgrade: Four suspects were arrested in a car with the stolen paintings by Cézanne and Degas. The images have cracks and chipped edges, as they have been removed from the frame. In addition, a large amount of cash is ensured and weapons. The Swiss authorities are aware of the detainees: They were out for years as heavy criminals in their database.
Source and related Links:
Fondation Beyeler: Edgar Degas
swissinfo.ch: Stolen Degas recovered damaged
Werner Hofmann: Degas and His Century
Foundation Collection EG Buehrle in Zurich
art magazine: art theft collection Buehrle
The World Week: Three Masterpieces and a fake
spectacular art robbery: Cézanne and Degas returned to Zurich
New Zürcher Zeitung: Zurich art theft before the Enlightenment
Edgar Degas, Photographer
FAZ: Buehrle and the looted art (25.04.1998)
Edgar Degas, Photographer
Hector Feliciano: The Lost Museum - From art theft of the Nazis