Jan van Eyck and John III, Duke of Bavaria
The Flemish painter at the court of Philip the Good
Jan van Eyck established with the then contemporary painters Rogier van der Weyden and Robert Campin a new, realistic style, which has led the way for future generations of painters. The paintings of this painter in the early 15th century allowed the viewers a direct access to the ecclesiastical symbolism and meaning on the basis of realistic and naturalistic painting technique. Jan van Eyck also made using oil paints on popular paintings.
He was the first painter who used siccativated and bleached oils. The Ghent Altarpiece is not only an important work of art history, but an important historical document zumVerhältnis between politics and art. It represents the interface between theology, politics, society and art in the early 15th century.
Who signed the Ghent Altarpiece?
1435 it was erected Cathedral in Ghent Saint Bavo. The theme of the altarpiece is the worship of the Lamb in the Revelation of St. John with Angels and Saints. It is still not completely clear whether the masterpiece was created jointly from the Early Netherlandish art of Jan and Hubert van Eyck. Recent findings assume that Jan van Eyck Ghent altar created alone without his brother Hubert van Eyck Help. In 1950, X-ray examinations showed that the second inscription was subsequently applied by referring to Hubert van Eyck.
It reads: "painter Hubert van Eyck, a major did not exist, has begun this work, and his brother John, the second in this art, has accomplished the difficult task commissioned by Jodocus Vijd. . Through these verses he trusts your care at this, which was on May 6, "Albrecht Dürer, of the Ghent Altarpiece visited in 1521, then spoke only of Jan van Eyck," by John Taffel; this is an over delicious, highly intelligent gemähl, and particularly the Eva, Mary and God the vatter are almost [= very] good. "
The history of the Ghent Altarpiece
1830, acquired by the Prussian king wing parts were exhibited at the newly opened Old Museum in Berlin, later in the Kaiser Friedrich Museum, then in the north wing of the then German Museum and Pergamon Museum today. The Treaty of Versailles, Germany was requested after the lost World War 1, the side panels of the Ghent Altarpiece in Belgium to return, even though they legally by Friedrich Wilhelm III. were acquired. The sawed parts of the Ghent Altarpiece were reassembled in Ghent and exhibited in the Saint Bavo Cathedral.
During the 2nd World War, the Ghent Altarpiece in the south of France Pau Castle was hidden, where it was found after the conquest of France, the National Socialists. They brought the Ghent Altarpiece, first in the castle of Neuschwanstein and later in the salt mine at Altausee. After the war, the Ghent Altarpiece was brought back to Brussels, where he was extensively restored. Since 1989, the Ghent Altarpiece is in daylight-free area in the tower side chapel of the Saint Bavo Cathedral in a hermetic bullet-proof glass display case. since September 2012, the Ghent Altarpiece in Ghent Museum of Fine Arts is restored (MSK), which can be observed live behind a glass wall from visitors .
The art theft of "The Just Judges"
Source and related Links:
Rennes le Chateau: Ghent Altar Piece
Geöffnete und Geschlossene Seite des Genter Altars
Die chronologische Geschichte des Genter Altars
Der Genter Altar in digitaler Hochauflösung inkl. Infrarotaufnahmen
Besuch zur Restaurierung des Genter Altars
Der Genter Altar der Brüder van Eyck in Berlin
er Genter Altar der Brüder van Eyck: Geschichte und Würdigung
Der Genter Altar von Jan und Huber van Eyck
Jan van Eyck