A short art biography of Paul Cézanne
Until the 1890s Cézanne's works are criticized in public and perceived as unattractive. When the art dealer Ambroise Vollard established a solo exhibition with Cézannes works at the Gallery Manzi-Joyant in 1895, Cézannes reputation rose in the art secene . Since the 1890s, Cézanne is prefers to paint outdoors in his hometown of Aix-en-Provence. He starts to reduce the natural forms into geometric figures and therefore develops the painting era further.
The story of the painting "Le Garçon au gilet rouge"
1907 leaves the painting for the first time in France. It is issued in Budapest Nemzeti Szalon. In 1909 the picture on the Hungarian Baron Marczell de Nemes is sold for 20 000 francs. Nemes bought many paintings of the Impressionists and the avant-garde and sets new standards in the art trade. The Baron sends the painting with more pictures on tour, including the Alte Pinakothek in Munich and in the Städtische Kunsthalle Dusseldorf. At one of these places of woolen cloth-producer Gottlieb Friedrich Reber attention to the painting. Since Baron Marc de Nemes cell needs money urgently, many of his paintings are sold. The Boy in the Red Vest therefore returns to the auction in the Paris gallery Manzi-Joyant back.
On June 18, 1913 Reber bought the painting for 56 000 francs and retains it for 35 years. 1925 Reber has sold all its 28 Cezanne - except for the "boys". During the 3rd Reich he puts himself at the service of Field Marshal Hermann Goering - as art buyers. After the 2nd World War Reber is bankrupt and strikes the canon manufacturers Georg Emil Buehrle.
In August 1948 Buehrle bought the painting for CHF 400 000. From then on, the picture with more pictures from the Buehrle Collection on a world tour and always returns in Bührle Villa in Zollikerstrasse 172 in Zurich, today the Foundation Collection EG Buehrle. 60 years is "The Boy in the Red Vest" in the possession of the firearms manufacturers Buehrle - until February 18. 2008.
The robbery of "The Boy in the Red Vest"
The other two men go into the large exhibition hall where ten masterpieces of Impressionism hang. Take the first four of the ten paintings from the wall and notice apparently that each painting mi secured glass weighs at least ten pounds. Apparently the two thieves are only able to carry two paintings because they only steal four of the ten major paintings of impressionism, together with the third accomplice disappear the art thieves as quickly as they came.
The four stolen works are: "Ludovic Lepic and his Daughters" (1871) by Edgar Degas, Paul Cézanne's "The Boy in the Red Vest" (1888), "Blossoming Chestnut Branches" (1890) by Vincent van Gogh and "Poppies near Vetheuil "(1879) by Claude Monet. The total value: A total of around 130 million euros. The robbery is described as "probably the biggest art robbery in Europe".
What the perpetrators - and apparently the leaders of Buehrle Collection - did not know was: Van Gogh's stolen painting "Blossoming Chestnut" is supposed to be a fake.
The paintings of Monet and van Gogh are already found eight days later in a car with stolen license plate in the parking lot of the Psychiatric Burghölzli. From Cezanne's "Boy in the Red Vest" (worth about 66 million euros) and Degas' Count Lepic and his Daughter "(value: approximately 9 million euros) but is still lacking any trace.
In April 2012, just four years later, 30 investigators come from six different countries an art thief band on the track that leads to Serbia. Shortly afterwards there is contact to the alleged owners of the stolen paintings still: Approximately 1.4 million euros cash to pay the informant the Cid, so that a meeting can be realized. On 11 April 2012, the investigators propose to Belgrade: Four suspects were arrested in a car with the stolen paintings by Cézanne and Degas. The images have cracks and chipped edges, as they have been removed from the frame. In addition, a large amount of cash is ensured and weapons. The Swiss authorities are aware of the detainees: They were taken as heavy criminals in the database for years.
Source and related Links:
Neue Zürcher Zeitung: The Long Journey of "boy" (17/02/2008)
Paul Cézanne: The Boy in the Red Vest
BBC News: Stolen Cezanne found by Serbian police ( 12.04.2012)
express.de: Stolen Cézanne picture in Serbia discovered
FAZ: Cézanne's boy is found (13.04.2012)
FAZ: Buehrle and the looted art (25.04.1998)
Hector Feliciano: The Lost Museum - From art theft of the Nazis